 ## Week 2: Unitary Conversions in Cooking

Welcome back! This second post will help you convert your units of measurement with ease the next time you are cooking or baking and need to know how many grams are in a litre or how many kilos are in a cup! Unitary conversions in cooking can be frustrating, especially since substances are not always uniform in terms of their structures. For example, water and flour do not have the same structure and therefore are different in their weight properties. Most students don't tend to realise this, meaning that this edition of Food Talk will hopefully teach you a thing or two about unitary conversions in cooking. It’s always super useful and convenient to know where to look for the most unconventional conversions!

## Liquids

### Teaspoons to mL

¼ tsp = 1 mL = 0.001 L

½ tsp = 2 mL = 0.002 L

1 tsp = 5 mL = 0.005 L

1 Tbsp = 15 mL

2 Tbsp = 30 mL

4 Tbsp = 60 mL

8 Tbsp = 120 mL

12 Tbsp = 180 mL

16 Tbsp = 240 mL

### Cups to mL

⅛ cup (2 Tbsp) = 30 mL

¼ cup (4 Tbsp) 60 mL

⅓ cup (5 ⅓ Tbsp) = 80 mL

½ cup (8 Tbsp) = 120 mL

⅔ cup (10 ⅔ Tbsp) = 160 mL

¾ cup (12 Tbsp) = 180 mL

1 cup (16 Tbsp) = 240 mL

2 cups = 480 mL

4 cups = 960 mL

### Fluid Ounces to mL

½ fl oz = 15 mL

1 fl oz = 30 mL

2 fl oz = 60 mL

3 fl oz = 80 mL

4 fl oz = 120 mL

5 fl oz = 160 mL

6 fl oz = 180 mL

8 fl oz = 240 mL

16 fl oz = 480 mL

32 fl oz = 960 mL 33 fl oz = 1000 mL = 1L

### Cups to Fluid Ounces

¼ cup = 2 fl oz

½ cup = 4 fl oz

¾ cup = 6 fl oz

1 cup = 8 fl oz

2 cups = 16 fl oz

## Weights

30 g = 1 oz

120 g = 4 oz

240 g = 8 oz

360 g = 12 oz

480 g = 16 oz

567 g = 20 oz

1 kg = 35.5 oz

120 g = ¼ lb

240 g = ½ lb

360 g = ¾ lb

480 g = 1 lb

### Pounds to Oz

4 oz = ¼ lb

8 oz = ½ lb

12 oz = ¾ lb

16 oz = 1 lb

Note: The above conversions are strictly for dry ingredients. To convert ounces to grams, multiply the number of ounces by 30.

## Temperatures

### Fahrenheit to Celsius

Freezing Water

32º F = 0º C

Room Temperature

68º F = 20º C

Boiling Water

212º F = 100º C

Bake

325º F = 160º C

350º F = 180º C

375º F = 190º C

400º F = 200º C

425º F = 220º C

450º F = 230º C

## Equivalents of Different Ingredients

### General

 Cup Fine Power (ex. flour) Grain (ex. rice) Granular (ex. sugar) Liquid Solids (ex. butter) Liquid (ex. milk) 1 140 g 150 g 190 g 200 g 240 mL ¾ 105 g 113 g 143 g 150 g 180 m ⅔ 93 g 100 g 125 g 133 g 160 mL ½ 70 g 75 g 95 g 100 g 120 mL ⅓ 47 g 50 g 63 g 67 g 80 mL ¼ 35 g 38 g 48 g 50 g 60 mL ⅛ 18 g 19 g 24 g 25 g 30 mL

2 Tbsp = 15 g

¼ cup = 30 g

⅓ cup = 40 g

½ cup = 60 g

⅔ cup = 80 g

¾ cup = 90 g

1 cup = 120 g

2 Tbsp = 24 g

¼ cup = 48 g

⅓ cup = 65 g

½ cup = 95 g

⅔ cup = 125 g

¾ cup = 140 g

1 cup = 190 g

2 cups = 380 g

3 cups = 570 g

4 cups = 760 g

2 Tbsp = 25 g

¼ cup = 50 g

⅓ cup = 65 g

½ cup = 100 g

⅔ cup = 130 g

¾ cup = 150 g

1 cup = 200 g

2 Tbsp = 23 g

¼ cup = 45 g

⅓ cup = 60 g

½ cup = 90 g

⅔ cup = 120 g

¾ cup = 135 g

1 cup = 180 g

2 cups = 360 g

3 cups = 540 g

4 cups = 720 g

### Butter

2 Tbsp = 30 g

¼ cup = 60 g

⅓ cup = 80 g

½ cup = 120 g

⅔ cup = 160 g

¾ cup = 180 g

1 cup = 240 g

2 cups = 480 g 3 cups = 720 g

¼ cup = 60 mL

½ cup = 120 mL

¾ mL = 180 mL

1 cup = 240 mL

2 cups = 480 mL

3 cups = 720 mL

4 cups = 960 mL

## Length

### Centimetres to Inches

6 mm = ¼ inch

13 mm = ½ inch

19 mm = ¾ inch

2.5 cm = 1 inch

5 cm = 2 inches

7.6 cm = 3 inches

10 cm = 4 inches

13 cm = 5 inches

25 cm = 10 inches

30 cm = 12 inches

100 cm (1m) = 40 inches